Consumer Medicine Information
This leaflet answers some common questions about Polaramine. It does not contain all of the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor or pharmacist has weighed the risks of you taking Polaramine against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine.
You may need to read it again.
Polaramine relieves symptoms associated with allergic rhinitis (including hayfever), such as sneezing, runny or itchy nose, and burning or itchy eyes.
Polaramine may also be used to relieve symptoms associated with hives (also known as chronic urticaria). These symptoms include itching, redness and lumps on the skin.
Polaramine can also be used to treat drug reactions.
Polaramine belongs to a class of medicines known as antihistamines.
Antihistamines help reduce allergic symptoms by preventing the effects of a substance called histamine. Histamine is produced by the body in response to foreign substances which the body is allergic to.
Your doctor or pharmacist may have prescribed Polaramine for another reason.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions about why Polaramine has been prescribed for you.
There is no evidence that Polaramine is addictive.
Do not take Polaramine if:
you are allergic to it or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.
Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include skin rash, difficulty in breathing or faintness.
you are also taking medicines used to treat depression such as monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI).
Taking Polaramine together with a MAOI may exaggerate the effects of Polaramine and cause a severe drop in your blood pressure.
Do not give Polaramine Syrup to children under 2 years of age.
Do not give Polaramine Tablets to children less than 12 years.
Do not take Polaramine after the expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack.
Do not take Polaramine if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
If you are not sure whether you should start using Polaramine, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have allergies to any other medicines, any other substances such as foods, dyes or preservatives
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant. If you are in the third trimester of pregnancy, you must tell your doctor you are taking Polaramine because newborn babies may have severe reactions to antihistamine.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed.
Polaramine may be transferred in breast milk to your baby.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
liver or kidney disease
an overactive thyroid gland
high blood pressure
raised pressure in the eye
difficulty passing urine
a narrowing or blockage between the stomach and small intestine which causes vomiting of undigested food
If you have not told your doctor or pharmacist about any of the above, tell them before you start taking Polaramine.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including medicines that you buy without a prescription from a pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines should not be taken with Polaramine. These include: monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI).
These medicines may be affected by Polaramine and may cause a decrease in blood pressure.
Polaramine may interfere with other medicines. These include:
medicines used to treat depression such as tricyclic antidepressants
strong / narcotic pain killers, such as codeine, morphine and dextropropoxyphene
some medicines used to help you sleep
some medicines used to treat anxiety
some medicines used to stop blood clotting, such as warfarin
These medicines may be affected by Polaramine, or may affect how well it works. You may need different amounts of your medicine, or you may need to take different medicines. Your doctor or pharmacist will advise you.
Your doctor or pharmacist has more information on medicines to be careful with or avoid while taking Polaramine.
Polaramine Colour Free Tablets
Adults and children over 12 years: One Polaramine tablet every 6 hours
After initial relief is obtained, dosage may be reduced to 1 tablet as required.
Do not give Polaramine Tablets to children under 12 years of age.
Adults and children over 12 years: 5mL every 6 hours
Children 6 to 12 years: 2 to 4mL every 6 to 8 hours
Children 4 to 6 years: 1.75 to 2mL every 6 to 8 hours
Children 2 to 4 years: 1.25 to 1.75mL every 6 to 8 hours
Do not give Polaramine Syrup to children under 2 years of age.
Take Polaramine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you to.
If you take the wrong dose, Polaramine may not work as well and you may not get relief from your symptoms.
Swallow the tablet whole with a glass of water.
It does not matter if you take Polaramine before or after food.
Continue taking Polaramine until your symptoms have resolved.
If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you missed
If there is still a long time to go before your next dose, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist
If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints
Immediately telephone your doctor, pharmacist or Poisons Information Centre (13 11 26) for advice, or go to casualty at your nearest hospital, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much Polaramine
Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
You may need urgent medical attention.
If you take too much Polaramine, you may feel dizzy or light-headed and may have difficulty breathing.
Tell all doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you are taking Polaramine.
If you become pregnant while taking Polaramine, tell your doctor
Do not give Polaramine to anyone else, even if their symptoms seem similar to yours.
Do not take Polaramine to treat any other complaints unless your doctor or pharmacist says to.
Do not drink alcohol while taking Polaramine.
The effects of alcohol can be increased by some antihistamine medicines, including Polaramine. If you drink alcohol, the drowsiness, dizziness or light-headedness may become worse.
If you feel tired, drowsy, dizzy or light-headed, do not drive a vehicle or operate machinery.
As with some other antihistamine medicines, Polaramine may cause tiredness, drowsiness, dizziness or light-headedness in some people.
Protect your skin when you are in the sun, especially between 10am and 3pm.
If you are outdoors, wear protective clothing and use a 30+ sunscreen.
Polaramine may cause your skin to be more sensitive than it is normally.
If your mouth continues to feel dry for more than 2 weeks check with your doctor or dentist.
Antihistamines may cause dryness of the mouth, nose and throat
Stop taking Polaramine 48 hours before you have any skin tests.
Antihistamines may interfere with the results of skin tests
All medicines may have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most of the times they are not. Your doctor or pharmacist has weighed the risk of using this medicine against the benefit they expect it will have for you.
Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects.
You may not experience any of them.
All medicines have side effects. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects
Ask your doctor or pharmacist any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking Polaramine.
It helps most people with allergies, but it may have unwanted side effects in a few people.
If you are over 60 years of age you may have an increased chance of getting side effects
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
loss of appetite
thickening of mucus
dry mouth, nose or throat
These are mild side effects of medicines, and usually short lived.
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:
wheezing or being short of breath
fast, pounding or irregular heart beats
tiredness, headache, dizziness, spinning sensation, with yellowing of the skin and/or eyes
unable or difficulty passing urine
passing urine more often than usual
tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, also known as 'pins and needles'
These may be serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention. Serious side effects are rare.
If any of the following happen, stop taking Polaramine and tell your doctor immediately, or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital:
sudden signs of allergy such as rash, hives
swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing
convulsions, fits or seizures
These are very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.
All of these side effects are very rare.
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell.
Keep your tablets in the blister pack until it is time to take them.
If you take your tablets out, they will not keep well.
Syrup, rinse dispensing syringe with hot water after use. Replace the cap firmly.
Keep the medicines in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.
Do not store it or any other medicine in the bathroom, or near a sink, or on a window sill.
Do not leave it in the car on hot days.
Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep it where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines
If your doctor or pharmacist tells you to stop taking the tablets or the syrup, or they have passed the expiry date.
Ask your pharmacist what to do with any that are left over.
Polaramine can be bought without a doctor's prescription.
Polaramine comes in two forms:
Colour Free Tablets and Syrup
Polaramine Colour Free Tablets 2mg are off-white, round, bevelled tablet with Flask and Bowl logo on one side, and scored on the other side, in blister packs of 20 and 40 tablets
Polaramine Syrup 2mg/5mL is a clear, red syrup with an orange like flavour in a 100 mL bottle
Polaramine Colour Free Tablets contain:
Active ingredient: 2mg dexchlorpheniramine maleate
Polaramine Syrup contains:
2mg/5mL dexchlorpheniramine maleate
brilliant scarlet 4R
blood orange flavour
Polaramine Syrup contains Sorbitol which may have a laxative effect or cause diarrhoea.
Merck Sharp & Dohme (Australia) Pty Limited
54-68 Ferndell Street,
South Granville, NSW 2142
Merck Sharp & Dohme (New Zealand) Limited
P O Box 99 851
Syrup: AUST R 18197
Colour Free tablets:
AUST R 154653
Date of Preparation
28 October 2011